blues record, "Crazy Blues”, Mamie Smith.
1920/1921/1922---lst. recordings by vaudeville-blues artists: Edith Wilson,
Lucille Hegamin & Her Blue Flame Syncopators, etc.
1923---Ma Rainey and Bessie Smith recording debut; also Clara Smith, Rosa
Henderson, etc. First rural blues artist to record-some guitar instrumentals by
Sylvester Weaver; included “Guitar Rag” which several years later, the white
Bob Wills & His Texas Playboys adapted as the country music classic “Steel
Guitar Rag”. Also the 1st. ‘field recording’ (i.e. made outside New York
or Chicago) done by Lucille Bogan, in the vaudeville-blues style. 1924---1st. jug
bands recorded; Old Southern Jug Band, etc. First 3 male, rural, blues singers to get on disc: Ed Andrews, Daddy Stovepipe & Papa Charlie Jackson.
Lemon Jefferson is first ‘hard’ blues singer to record; also Bo Weavil
Jackson, Blind Blake & Mr. Freddie Spruell, the 1st. Delta-style bluesman on
wax. Also Peg Leg Howell from Georgia.
Willie McTell & Barbecue Bob recording debut--also Frank Stokes, Memphis Jug
Band. 1st. blues singer from Carolinas: Julius Daniels. Lucille Bogan changes to
raw rural blues style.
debut of Tommy Johnson, Robert Wilkins, Cannon’s Jug Stompers, Leroy Carr
& Scrapper Blackwell, etc. 1st. blues using ‘hokum’ in the title, by
Coley Jones & Dallas String Band. And 1st. use of ‘boogie woogie’, by
Pine Top Smith.
Patton’s 1st. recording. 1st. version on wax of “Roll & Tumble Blues”,
by Hambone Willie Newbern. 1st. record of”44
Blues”, by Lee Green. Memphis Minnie & Kansas Joe start recording.
White & Son House recording debut; also Peetie Wheatstraw.
Records (the major ‘race’ record label) goes bust -- cutback on all recording
sessions as Great Depression deepens.
Leadbelly sides, for Library of Congress; supervised by John Lomax.
of Sante Fe group of pianists to record; by the name of Rob
discs by Blind Boy Fuller, Blind Gary Davis, Casey Bill, Washboard Sam &
Poor/Big Joe Williams. including latter’s “Baby Please Don’t Go”.
Leadbelly’s 1st. commercial records for A.R.C. More urbanised blues appearing
by such artists as Jazz Gillum, Washboard Sam, Big Bill Broonzy, etc.
Johnson’s 1st. records. More Texas blues pianists get on disc: Andy Boy,
Pinetop Burkes, etc.
discs by “Sonny Boy” John Lee Williamson, including “Good Morning, School
Joe Turner records with boogie woogie man, Pete Johnson. 1st. electric guitar in
blues, played by white jazzman, George Barnes; on a record by Jazz Gillum for
record of Catfish Blues”, by Robert Petway, & “Crosscut Saw”, by Tony
Hollins. Both songs are from Tommy McClennan, who also recorded them. Recording debut of Arthur ‘Big Boy’ Crudup (Presley’s mentor). Muddy
Water’s 1st. recordings, for Library of Congress.
declared by James Petrillo, President of the American Federation of Musicians (A.F.M.)
against the record companies & juke box operators. The strike + strict
rationing of shellac (used in making 78’s), effectively stopped blues
recordings. The Petrillo ban lasted until 1944; the ban meant no studio
recordings for the duration.
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